広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第一部, 学習開発関連領域 63号
2014-12-19 発行

授業過程における教師の視線行動と反省的思考に関する研究 : 熟練教師と初任教師の比較を通して

An Examination of the Teachers’ Gaze and Self Reflection during Classroom Instruction : Comparison of a veteran teacher and a novice teacher
有馬 道久
本文ファイル
抄録
This study compares a veteran teacher with a novice teacher concerning the viewing of the videoed contents of two of their respective classes as a means for them to reflect on these classes. Each teacher reviewed their classes while watching the two videos recorded from the viewpoint of the teachers themselves. This paper analyses where the teacher looked during the class, the reason why the teacher looked at a child, and also other considerations that teachers reflected on their actions in class. The results of the study are as follows: (1) The veteran teacher commented on the classes at a rate of once a minute. This rate was 2.5 times that of the novice teacher. (2) The veteran teacher mostly observed children closely with a specific purpose in mind. On the other hand, the novice teacher mostly observed children only while moving through the class and monitoring children nearby. (3) Both teachers mostly used the child’s comprehension at that point of the class as a means of evaluating the child’s comprehension and general attitude. Finally, two possible future directions for further research and teacher training improvements were considered.
キーワード
teaching research
teacher gaze behaviour
veteran teacher
novice teacher
self reflection
授業研究
視線行動
熟練教師
初任教師
反省的思考