広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第一部, 学習開発関連領域 60号
2011-12-22 発行

体育の学習集団研究の方法論としての活動理論

Activity Theory as a Methodology of the Study of Learning Group on the Physical Education
加登本 仁
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抄録
The purpose of this paper was to consider new methodology for the study of learning group on the physical education according to the activity theory. In this paper, I mainly examined three theoretical frameworks. Those were the "sociocultural approach" of J. V. Wertsch, the "discourse analysis" of Y. Shoy, and the "activity system" of Y. Engeström. First, the necessity to pay attention to the sense of speech was suggested by the theoretical framework of the "sociocultural approach" of J. V. Wertsch. Secondly, the theoretical framework of the "dual mediated action" and the methodology of the "discourse analysis" of Y. Shoy suggested the possibility that we could consider the sociocultural context in the class, and that the learning activity could be interpreted as the interchange of cognition and communication. Thirdly, the methodology of the "activity system" of Y. Engeström suggested that not only the learning activity about cognition and communication could be interpreted as the "activity system" including the elements of "subject", "tools", "object", "rules", "community", and "division of labor", but also, teachers' educational activities could be developed according to the procedure which included the analysis of the "internal contradiction" and the design of a new activity system.
キーワード
activity theory
the learning group
physical education class
research methodology
活動理論
学習集団
体育授業
研究方法論
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