The purpose of this study was to assess the domain of self-esteem, that are Body Esteem, Mental Esteem and Self Acceptance, and to investigate the relationships among these variables and drive for thinness and eating behaviors on normal undergraduate females. Two hundred and five women's college students were participated in this study. They were asked to complete Body Esteem Scale and Mental Esteem Scale (originally developed in this study), Japanese version of Rosenberg's Self Esteem Scale, Contour Drawing Rating Scale, Body Shape Questionnaire, Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire, Life Orientation Test, and Self Acceptance Scale. Results from Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) indicated that body esteem influenced to drive for thinness. For mental esteem, there were no significant relationships such as body esteem. Moreover, body esteem and two factors of mental esteem were correspondent to the three factors of self acceptance (inner face, appearance and social self acceptance) respectively. One of the Suggestions was that the acceptance and higher estimation of one's body shape were inportant to allay drive for thinness and prevent eating disorders on normal females.