広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第一部, 学習開発関連領域 50号
2002-02-28 発行

書くことは'テキストからの学習'にどう貢献するか

How does writing contribute to learning from text?
伊東 昌子
本文ファイル
抄録
Five experiments showed how writing contributed to knowledge acquisition of probability and critical reading of a short research paper. In learning probability writing to relate laws of probability to their example events made students solve practical problems more successfully than internally generating relations and being given their descriptions. Writing was proved to promote constructing a situational model of the probability while reading the text. In critical reading of an article, writing brief summaries of its research problem, method, results, and discussion, and whether they are reasonable or not was more effective in generating critical comments than orally performing the same requirements. The students interactively read and wrote, sometimes reported questions, and then began to search answers or clarify how their questions affected the research. Writing brought about problem solving process in reading a text and produced an extended and integrated internal-external cognitive place in which products of real-time cognitive activities were directly visible and available. Meta-cognitive activities would work better in such a constructive and visible problem solving space.
キーワード
テキストからの学習
書くこと
構成活動
知識獲得
批判的読み
Learning from text
Writing
Constructive activity
Knowledge acquisition
Critical reading
SelfDOI