Since the People’s Republic of China was established, early childhood education has been significantly affected by two negative foreign influences. One influence was the collectivist-based education model of the former Soviet Union. The other was the liberal education model of western countries. Following gradual advances and challenges, reform of early childhood education in China and its development have integrated organically. The current problems for early childhood education in China are to construct a theoretical system and implementation model that reflect the times and national characteristics, and to move forward with a development-based Chinese culture in the age of globalization.