幼年教育研究年報 31巻
2009-07-21 発行

保育における最近接発達領域に関する検討

Preliminary Considerations of Zone of Proximal development in Childcare
岡花 祈一郎
多田 幸子
浅川 淳司
本文ファイル
抄録
The purpose of this study is to reconsiderate the concept of zone of proximal development by L.S.Vygotsky. Although there has been a recent upsurge of in Vygotsky's theory, most of interst has centered on the role Zone of Proximal Development was equivocal applied in many studies. For example, there is a famous concept of "Scaffolding" by Wood et al. Several studies have been made on "How to scaffolding" and "How to fading" and teacher-child interaction. In child care practice, it is more complex than an educational utopia. There is assumption that the role of the "social other" is presented as always helpful. The possibility that might be overbusy for the child and be ignored to scaffoldings, and be purposelly harmful. We have to consider that ZPD and the "Scaffolding" are not as "Child-Teacher" in two terms but as "Child-Teacher-Object" in the triangle.
キーワード
L. S. Vygotsky
Zone of Proximal Development
Scaffolding
Childcare practice
SelfDOI