Urban Development on the Urban Fringe of the Delhi Metropolitan Region: A Case Study of Manesar, India
JURSCI_8-1_1.pdf 49.9 MB
SHARMA, Vishwa Raj
Since its economic liberalization in 1991, the Indian economy has developed rapidly, particularly in the suburbs of the country’s metropolitan areas, which serve as its core. The suburban areas of the Delhi metropolitan region are undergoing development, as evidenced by the construction of industrial parks, office buildings, housing, and commercial malls for the new middle and wealthy classes. This study aimed to clarify the prevailing situation and problems on the urban fringe of Delhi by investigating the actual conditions of housing supply and the characteristics of residents in Manesar, an extension city of Gurugram in the Delhi metropolitan area.
Field surveys were conducted in February 2016 and 2017 regarding the status of development in Sector 1, Manesar. The results revealed that 269 detached houses were constructed from among 536 plots, and 19 small apartments were built. There were 63 paying guest houses (PGs, privately rented houses) in the detached house blocks, and 19 group houses (condominiums or high-rise apartments) of the 55 that had been planned had been completed.
In Manesar, there are many vacant plots and vacant houses because housing owners purchase plots and houses for investment. Many speculators manage rental houses because their prices and rents are cheaper than Gurugram and Manesar is promising in the near future for the plan of Delhi Metro. There are many PGs because there are few restaurants and convenience facilities in Manesar.
This study is a part of the research findings from “Research on the formation and development of mega-regions and economic and social change in modern India” (Research Representative: Hidenori Okahashi, Hiroshima University) conducted in 2014–2016 and basic research conducted in 2019 on “Spatial structure of the Delhi Metropolitan Area: Toward the construction of the urban theory of emerging countries” (Research Representative: Kazuo Tomozawa, Hiroshima University). Some of the parts were presented at the 2015 Spring Conference of the Association of Japanese Geographers and the 2017 Conference of the Human Geographical Society of Japan.
Journal of Urban and Regional Studies on Contemporary India
The Center for Contemporary India Studies, Hiroshima University
(c) 2021 The Center for Contemporary India Studies, Hiroshima University
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