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ID 48629
本文ファイル
著者
Kashima, Saori 大学院医歯薬保健学研究院 広大研究者総覧
Ogawa, Takahiko
Takeuchi, Keisuke 医学部
キーワード
geographic information systems
health policy
Japan
renal dialysis
rural health services
抄録(英)
Introduction: For an equitable distribution of health resources, resource-allocation policies focus on rural and also remote areas, assuming that these areas are underserved. However, definitions of ‘rural’ and ‘remote’ vary, and are not necessarily synonymous with ‘underserved’. This Japanese study evaluated the association between the rurality/remoteness of the community in which a patient lives and his/her geographic accessibility to dialysis facilities.
Methods: Based on 1867 communities (census blocks) in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan, predictive powers of five community-level rural/remote parameters (population size, population density, elderly rate, agriculture rate, and distance to the nearest city) were evaluated to identify communities where dialysis patients had a longer commute time to dialysis facilities. The proportion of lowaccess communities was examined when those communities were merged to form larger geographic units (four-level stepwise merger). One- way driving times of dialysis patients were used as the access parameter of a community and were calculated using geographic information systems based on the addresses of all the 7374 patients certified by municipalities as having renal disability, and on the addresses and capacities of all 98 dialysis facilities in Hiroshima.
Results: The average driving time was negatively correlated with population and population density, and positively correlated with elderly rate, agriculture rate, and distance to nearest city. When low-access was defined as >20, >30 & >40 min driving time, all rural/remote parameters showed better sensitivities (range 63.5-94.9%) than specificities (55.2-77.9%) to identify low-access communities, and positive predictive values were less than 50% for most parameters. When low-access was defined as >30 min driving time, the proportion of low-access communities substantially decreased when the geographic unit was expanded. In the administrative 'rural' area, the largest geographic unit, the percentage of low-access communities was 30%.
Conclusions: In any definition of 'rural/remote', and in any definition of 'low-access', the rural/remote areas contain a substantial proportion of high-access communities. In addition, a substantial proportion of low-access communities was excluded from rural/remote areas. The accuracy of the term 'low-access' deteriorated when the geographic unit of analysis was expanded. In order to identify underserved areas precisely, it is necessary to set the geographic unit of analysis as small as possible and measure the geographic accessibility itself, rather than designate some areas as 'rural' or 'remote', based on conventional geographic/demographic/distance parameters.
掲載誌名
Rural and Remote Health
13巻
3号
開始ページ
2507
出版年月日
2013-08-27
出版者
James Cook University
ISSN
1445-6354
PubMedID
言語
英語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
© M Matsumoto, S Kashima, T Ogawa, K Takeuchi, 2013. A licence to publish this material has been given to James Cook University, http://www.rrh.org.au
関連情報URL
部局名
医歯薬保健学研究科



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