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ID 43871
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"Women can't do math": A review of the social psychological literature on the effects of negative stereotypes on both women and girls
著者
森永 康子 大学院教育学研究科 広大研究者総覧
キーワード
gender stereotypes
mathematics
STEM
career
ジェンダーステレオタイプ
数学
キャリア
NDC
心理学
抄録(英)
It is unclear why the number of women in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is still small. In this review article, I focus on gender stereotypes (i.e., the belief that “women canʼt do math”) from a social psychological perspective. It has been reported that women and girls are influenced by negative stereotypes in experimental settings as well as in the real world. For example, researchers have found that negative stereotypes can undermine the performance of women in math exams. More recently, implicit stereotypes have been found to affect womenʼs math preferences either equally or even more than explicit stereotypes. How can we counteract the effects of negative stereotypes? Interventions, such as informing women that their math performances and career decisions are often unconsciously influenced by gender stereotypes, have been introduced based on accumulated knowledge of both gender and stereotypes. Having reviewed such literature, I conclude that psychologists in Japan should put more effort into conducting research on how to encourage women and girls to pursue their career plans, especially in the STEM field.
掲載誌名
心理学評論
60巻
1号
開始ページ
49
終了ページ
61
出版年月日
2017
出版者
心理学評論刊行会
ISSN
0386-1058
NCID
NAID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
学術雑誌論文
広大資料タイプ
学術雑誌論文
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
権利情報
Copyright (c) 2017 心理学評論刊行会
部局名
教育学研究科



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