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ID 38968
本文ファイル
別タイトル
Linguistic Information Usage of Japanese Five Years-old Children in Case Markers Learning : A Sentence Comprehension Experiment Using Artificial Case Markers
著者
趙 曌
キーワード
インプット
言語情報
機能語
格助詞
人工格助詞
input
linguistic information
functional words
case markers
artificial case marker
NDC
教育
抄録(英)
Previous studies have demonstrated that young children use an argument structure in the input to learn words such as verbs and nouns, but they are unable to make use of this information if the language allows frequent the deletion of lexical items. These findings lead to the question of how Japanese case markers are learned because case markers are function words and are often omitted in speech. So far, few study has examined the acquisition of this unique category of words. In this study, we examined whether Japanese children could utilize the linguistic information (i.e., number of the argument and word order) when they learn artificial case markers (agent: “po”, patient: “bi”). Thirty-three five-year-old children were presented with either two arguments sentences (SOV: “rabbit po bear bi pushed”) or one argument sentences (SV: “rabbit po pushed”, OV: “bear bi pushed”) in the learning phase. After learning phases, they were given a comprehension test in the test phase in which the case markers were embedded in four different types of sentences, SOV, OSV, SV, and OV. The results showed that the children who studied one-argument sentences were more accurate in comprehending “bi” in OV sentences but not accurate in comprehending “po” in SV sentences, or “po” and “bi” in SOV and OSV sentences. In contrast, the children who studied two-argument sentences were more accurate in comprehending “po” in SOV and SV sentences, but not accurate in comprehending “bi” in OV or OSV sentences.
掲載誌名
広島大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 第二部, 文化教育開発関連領域
64号
開始ページ
187
終了ページ
196
出版年月日
2015-12-18
出版者
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
ISSN
1346-5554
NCID
言語
日本語
NII資源タイプ
紀要論文
広大資料タイプ
学内刊行物(紀要等)
DCMIタイプ
text
フォーマット
application/pdf
著者版フラグ
publisher
部局名
教育学研究科
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