A novel vanadium reductase, Vanabin2, forms a possible cascade involved in electron transfer
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Thiol-disulfide exchange reaction
The unusual ascidian ability to accumulate high levels of vanadium ions at concentrations of up to 350 mM, a 107-fold increase over that found in seawater, has been attracting interdisciplinary attention for a century. Accumulated VV is finally reduced to VIII via VIV in ascidian vanadocytes. Reducing agents must therefore participate in the reduction. Previously, we identified a vanadium-binding protein, Vanabin2, in which all 18 cysteines form nine disulfide bonds. Here, we report that Vanabin2 is a novel vanadium reductase because partial cleavage of its disulfide bonds results in the reduction of VV to VIV. We propose that Vanabin2 forms a possible electron transfer cascade from the electron donor, NADPH, via glutathione reductase, glutathione, and Vanabin2 to the acceptor, and vanadium ions conjugated through thiol-disulfide exchange reactions.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Proteins and Proteomics
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Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V.
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Graduate School of Science