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ID 40611
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title alternative
HCV感染マウスを用いたNS5A, NS3またはNS5B阻害剤併用療法のgenotype間での抗ウイルス効果の検討
creator
Shi, Niu
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
Objective: We recently demonstrated that combination treatment with NS3 protease and NS5B polymerase inhibitors succeeded in eradicating the virus in genotype 1b hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected mice. In this study, we investigated the effect of combining an NS5A replication complex inhibitor (RCI) with either NS3 protease or NS5B inhibitors on elimination of HCV genotypes 1b, 2a and 2b. Design: The effects of Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS)-605339 (NS3 protease inhibitor; PI), BMS-788329 (NS5ARCI) and BMS-821095 (NS5B non-nucleoside analogue inhibitor) on HCV genotypes 1b and 2a were examined using subgenomic HCV replicon cells. HCV genotype 1b, 2a or 2b-infected human hepatocyte chimeric mice were also treated with BMS-605339, BMS-788329 or BMS-821095 alone or in combination with two of the drugs for 4 weeks. Genotypic analysis of viral sequences was achieved by direct and ultra-deep sequencing. Results: Anti-HCV effects of BMS-605339 and BMS-821095 were more potent against genotype 1b than against genotype 2a. In in-vivo experiments, viral breakthrough due to the development of a high prevalence of drug-resistant variants was observed in mice treated with BMS-605339, BMS-788329 and BMS-821095 in monotherapy. In contrast to monotherapy, 4 weeks of combination therapy with the NS5A RCI and either NS3 PI or NS5B inhibitor succeeded in completely eradicating the virus in genotype 1b HCV-infected mice. Conversely, these combination therapies failed to eradicate the virus in mice infected with HCV genotypes 2a or 2b. Conclusions: These oral combination therapies may serve as a Peg-alfa-free treatment for patients chronically infected with HCV genotype 1b.
language
eng
nii type
Thesis or Dissertation
HU type
Doctoral Theses
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
ETD
relation references
Niu Shi, Nobuhiko Hiraga, Michio Imamura, C Nelson Hayes, Yizhou Zhang, Keiichi Kosaka, Akihito Okazaki, Eisuke Murakami, Masataka Tsuge, Hiromi Abe, Hiroshi Aikata, Shoichi Takahashi, Hidenori Ochi, Chise Tateno-Mukaidani, Katsutoshi Yoshizato, Hirotaka Matsui, Akinori Kanai, Toshiya Inaba, Fiona McPhee, Min Gao, Kazuaki Chayama; Combination therapies with NS5A, NS3 and NS5B inhibitors on different genotypes of hepatitis C virus in human hepatocyte chimeric mice; Gut 2013;62:1055-1061. (doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2012-302600)
relation references URL
http://doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2012-302600
grantid
甲第6243号
degreeGrantor
広島大学(Hiroshima University)
degreename Ja
博士(医学)
degreename En
Philosophy in Medical Science
degreelevel
doctoral
date of granted
2013-09-25
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science