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ID 48216
file
title alternative
Ainu culture in picture books: Analyzing the impressions of children and teachers
creator
Oba, Yumiko
subject
picture book
indigenous
Ainu
oral literature
read aloud
abstract
Knowledge of the Japanese indigenous Ainu culture is passed on from generation to generation, usually through oral literature in the form of wepeker and yukar (songs and prose), or cultural rituals. In this study, we focused on Ainu picture books based on wepeker and yukar. First, we reviewed 26 Ainu picture books with the aim of identifying distinctive structures and world views. Next, we selected five books and gave them to 15 kindergarten teachers to use in their classrooms. Then, we conducted a questionnaire survey of the teachers seeking their opinions regarding the Ainu picture books. Two of the teachers read the picture books aloud to the five-year-old children. The results of the survey indicated that eight of the 15 teachers would like to use the Ainu picture books in their early childhood education and care programs. We found that the Ainu picture books included the Ainu world view, which recognizes human beings as a type of creature, and traditional knowledge, which differs from scientific knowledge. Through having the Ainu picture books read to them by their teachers, the children became aware of the Ainu world view and language, which differs from scientific knowledge and the Japanese language, respectively. Children need to learn about Ainu culture and their world view in early childhood education and care programs to make them aware of the diversity that exists in their own country.
description
本研究はJSPS科研費 JP17K18643の助成を受けたものです。
journal title
The Annual of research on early childhood
volume
Volume 41
start page
53
end page
60
date of issued
2019-10-15
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科附属幼年教育研究施設
issn
0388-3078
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2019 幼年教育研究年報編集委員会
department
Graduate School of Education
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