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ID 48616
file
creator
Uramoto, Go-Ichiro
Morono, Yuki
Tomioka, Naotaka
Wakaki, Shigeyuki
Nakada, Ryoichi
Wagai, Rota
Uesugi, Kentaro
Takeuchi, Akihisa
Hoshino, Masato
Suzuki, Yoshio
Mitsunobu, Satoshi
Suga, Hiroki
Takeichi, Yasuo
Takahashi, Yoshio
Inagaki, Fumio
abstract
Ferromanganese minerals are widely distributed in subseafloor sediments and on the seafloor in oceanic abyssal plains. Assessing their input, formation and preservation is important for understanding the global marine manganese cycle and associated trace elements. However, the extent of ferromanganese minerals buried in subseafloor sediments remains unclear. Here we show that abundant (108–109 particles cm−3) micrometer-scale ferromanganese mineral particles (Mn-microparticles) are found in the oxic pelagic clays of the South Pacific Gyre (SPG) from the seafloor to the ~100 million-year-old sediments above the basement. Three-dimensional micro-texture, and major and trace element compositional analyses revealed that these Mn-microparticles consist of poorly crystalline ferromanganese oxides precipitating from bottom water. Based on our findings, we extrapolate that 1.5–8.8 × 1028 Mn-microparticles, accounting for 1.28–7.62 Tt of manganese, are globally present in oxic subseafloor sediments. This estimate is at least two orders of magnitude larger than the manganese budget for nodules and crusts on the seafloor. Subseafloor Mn-microparticles thus contribute significantly to the global manganese budget.
description
This study was supported in part by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Strategic Fund for Strengthening Leading-Edge Research and Development (to JAMSTEC and F.I.), the JSPS Funding Program for Next Generation World-Leading Researchers (GR102 to F.I.), JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (24687004 and 15H05608 to Y.M., 25871219 to G.-I.U., 15H02810 to R.W., 18H04134, 17H06458 and 17H04582 to Y.T., and 26251041 to F.I.), JSPS Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows (14J00199 to G.-I.U.), and Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) Fund Leading Initiative for Excellent Young Researchers (to Kochi University and G.-I.U.).
journal title
Nature Communications
volume
Volume 10
start page
400
date of issued
2019-02-06
publisher
Nature Research
issn
2041-1723
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
© The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Science