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ID 47707
file
title alternative
Facilitation and inhibition of insightful problem solving based on social comparison
creator
subject
problem solving
insight
social comparison
T-puzzle
abstract
Intuitively, insight emerges unexpectedly. However, some previous views proposed that insight emerges with a high probability after people recognize their failure in solving a problem. In order to empirically investigate this failure-insight relationship, this study manipulated when participants recognized failure by using social comparison. It presumed that participants who had not yet solved the problem but knew others had already solved it would recognize that their currently adopted strategy was a failure; the timing of this was manipulated in the experiment. As expected, participants who were given a cover story regarding othersʼ fast performance for the T-puzzle completed the same puzzle more successfully, as compared to those who were given a story of othersʼ slow performance. The results suggest that the occurrence of insight was influenced by when participants recognized their failure. Providing social reality information (i.e., othersʼ good/poor performance) might be a method to facilitate or inhibit insightful problem solving.
journal title
The Japanese Journal of Psychology
volume
Volume 83
issue
Issue 6
start page
576
end page
581
date of issued
2013
publisher
日本心理学会
issn
0021-5236
1884-1082
ncid
publisher doi
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
relation url
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences