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ID 32851
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Synchronic studies in the comparative phonology of Greek and Lycian <ARTICLES>
creator
Matsukawa, Yohei
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abstract
In this paper I have examined two phonological problems in Greek and Lycan:

First, I point out Umlaut phenomena by utilizing the Greek personal names transcribed from the Lycian ones in the 'Létôon Trilingual' (Lycian-Greek-Aramaic). Hajnal (1995:11) says that since Lycian /e/, /u/ and /i/ are transcribed into Greek /a/, /o/ and /e/ respectively in the Trilingual, those vowels in fact became more open in pronunciation.

lyk. <e> → griech. <α>: Pubieleje → Πυβιαλης, Purihimetehe → Πυριματης

lyk. <u> → griech. <ο>: Urtaqijahñ → Ορτακις

lyk. <i> → griech. <ε>: Mizu → Μεσος

As is shown in this paper, however, the Lycian vowels do not always correspond to the Greek ones. Rather, I illustrate the Umlaut rule: Lycian /i/ becomes Greek /e/ before /ē/, /o/, /ō/ in Greek.

Erttimeli > Άρτεμηλιν, Ikkwemi > Ένδυομις, Mizu > Μεσος, Zisqqa > Σεσκως

With respect to the phonological change: Lycian /u/ → Greek /o/, I also show another Umlaut rule: Lycian /u/ becomes Greek /o/ before Greek /a/.

Mule > Μολα, Qñturahaha > Κονδοραστς, χuwataje > Κοατα, χudara > Κοδαρας, Urtaqijahñ > Ορτακιας

Unfortunately, it is not possible to introduce any phonological rule to restrict Lycian /e/ → Greek /a/ at the moment. However, I give some counterexamples to the phonological change of Lycian /e/ → Greek /a/ in Hajnal, loc.cit.

Secondly, I describe two synchronic nasalization rules in Lycian in terms of the Lycian names transcribed from the Greek ones. Historically, Hajnal(1995:219) investigated a nasalization rule: */-CV'NT(-, #)/ > /-CV'nT(-, #)/. Synchronically, it is possible to add another nasalization rule: /-CVNT(-, #)/ > /-CVnT(-, #)/ because Lycian has two examples, such as Καδύανδα ~ χdawãti and Λύσανδρος ~ Lusãtrahñ(/Lusñtrahñ/ Lusãñtrahn). Besides, there was possibility that Lycian could nasalize vowel before dorsal stop. Example: Ιδαγρης ~ Idãχre.
journal title
ΠΡΟΠΥΛΑΙΑ
issue
Issue 15
start page
15
end page
27
date of issued
2003-12-31
publisher
日本ギリシア語ギリシア文学会
issn
0915-7425
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
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rights
Copyright (c) 2003 日本ギリシア語ギリシア文学会
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