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ID 32768
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On the Syntactic Position of the Dative Noun Phrase in Non-Configurational Language : A Functional Analyse based on Data from Classical Greek <ARTICLES>
creator
Chikamatsu, Akihiko
NDC
Other minor languages
abstract
This article deals with the question of the basic word order in double object construction in Classical Greek: the main claim is that ACCUSATIVE - DATIVE order is basic, and that DATIVE - ACCUSATIVE order is secondary.

It is widely known that various word orders are possible in Classical Greek. Many analysts say, however, that the word order in Classical Greek is not perfectly free and that there must be a basic (or 'habitual' ) word order. To examine this hypothesis, this article focuses on the order of accusative and dative noun phrases in the double object construction. As a "corpus", the ten works written by Euripides were adopted, from which examples with "didoomi" (to give) were collected.

Many of the examples were classifiable into two groups, DATIVE - ACCUSATIVE and ACCUSATIVE - DATIVE, and moreover, they were analyzed in terms of "the functional sentence perspective" (i.e., that an element with more information precedes another element with less information (Fukuchi,1984)). It was found that the DATIVE - ACCUSATIVE examples tended to be compatible with the above-mentioned perspective, whereas the ACCUSATIVE - DATIVE examples were, in many cases, incompatible. This implies that ACCUSATIVE - DATIVE word order is determined by some principle other than this perspective. The ACCUSATIVE - DATIVE may be the originally fixed order, from which the DATIVE - ACCUSATIVE order is secondarily derived. The latter can be explained in terms of the functional sentence perspective.
journal title
ΠΡΟΠΥΛΑΙΑ
issue
Issue 7
start page
49
end page
62
date of issued
1995-12-31
publisher
ギリシア語・文学研究会
issn
0915-7425
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 1995 ギリシア語・文学研究会
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