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ID 45641
file
title alternative
Geographical Perspectives in the Study of Environmental Issues : From four cases about the environmental issues caused by wetland developments in Japan and Korea
creator
subject
環境問題
場所
地域性
公共事業
汽水湖・干潟の開発
NDC
Pollution. Environmental engineering
abstract
環境問題研究において問題解決を志向することが重要である。その上で,何が問題なのか,どう問題になっているのか,どのように問題が作り出されているのかを理解する必要がある。問題構造を把握しようという試みは,研究蓄積も多く,加害論・被害論など,環境社会学の主要研究領域の1つとなっている。本稿では,環境問題の場所による差異に焦点をあて,地域論的な視角からの問題構造把握の可能性について検討した。ポイントは2点で,1つは加害論・被害論とは若干異なる「場所の意味」論としての問題把握であり,もう1つは環境問題の地域間比較である。取り上げた事例は,霞ヶ浦の水ガメ化,中海干拓事業,諌早湾干拓事業,世界最大規模の干拓として現在進行中の韓国セマングム干拓事業の4つである。
abstract
The aim of this paper is to focus on the regional differences of environmental issues and show that geographical perspectives are important in order to recognize them. I refer to four case studies, which are environmental issues caused by wetland developments. The first is the development of water resources and land reclamation in Lake Kasumigaura in the Tokyo metropolitan area. The second is the Nakaumi Land Reclamation Project in the Sanin region. The third is Isahaya Bay Tideland Reclamation Project in the Kyushu region. And the forth is Saemangeum Tideland Reclamation Project in southwest Korea. These projects have a lot in common. But the environmental issues are quite different. Why do similar projects cause different issues in different region? These environmental issues would be better recognized if they are caused by struggles for 'meaning of place' rather than by perpetrator-victim relations. The latter perspective involves the thought that perpetrators are wrong and victims are right, but the former perspective relativizes all actors who are concerned with the issues. Furthermore, in compound issues like the problems of Lake Kasumigaura, the conflicts of interest are so complicated that the 'benefit zone' or 'loss zone' is not clear. The perspectives of struggles for 'meaning of place' are very simple. The struggle for the 'meaning of place' is a problem of the sense of value and it is necessary to bridge the gap in values for problem solving. To focus on the 'meaning of place' requires placing more importance on regional diversification. And regionality is one of the indispensable viewpoints for seeing environmental issues.
description
本研究の一部に平成15−17年度科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(C)(1),課題番号15500684,代表淺野敏久,日本と韓国の大規模干拓事業をめぐる環境問題論争への地理学的アプローチ)を用いた。また,本稿の骨子は人文地理学会第77回地理思想部会例会において報告した。           
journal title
Journal of environmental sociology
issue
Issue 10
start page
8
end page
24
date of issued
2004-12-01
publisher
環境社会学会
有斐閣
ncid
naid
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2004 環境社会学会
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences