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ID 47121
file
creator
Hishida, Asahi
Matsuo, Keitaro
Goto, Yasuyuki
Wakai, Kenji
Tajima, Kazuo
Hamajima, Nobuyuki
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
[Background]: Previous studies have revealed the significance of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection as a risk factor of gastric cancer. Cytotoxin-associated gene A (cagA) positivity has been demonstrated to determine the clinical outcome of H. pylori infection in the presence of SHP-2 (src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2). This study aimed to examine the formerly reported association of G/A PTPN11 (protein-tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor-type 11) polymorphism (rs2301756) with gastric atrophy, as well as the association with gastric cancer in a Japanese population using a large sample size.
[Methods]: Study subjects were 583 histologically diagnosed patients with gastric cancer (429 males and 154 females) and age- and sex-frequency-matched 1,636 non-cancer outpatients (1,203 males and 433 females), who visited Aichi Cancer Center Hospital between 2001–2005. Serum anti-H. pylori IgG antibody and pepsinogens were measured to evaluate H. pylori infection and gastric atrophy, respectively. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by a logistic model.
[Results]: Among H. pylori seropositive non-cancer outpatients, the age- and sex-adjusted OR of gastric atrophy was 0.82 (95% CI 0.62–1.10, P = 0.194) for G/A, 0.84 (95% CI 0.39–1.81, P = 0.650) for A/A, and 0.83 (95% CI 0.62–1.09, P = 0.182) for G/A+A/A, relative to G/G genotype, and that of severe gastric atrophy was 0.70 (95% CI 0.47–1.04, P = 0.079), 0.56 (95% CI 0.17–1.91, P = 0.356), and 0.68 (95% CI 0.46–1.01, P = 0.057), respectively. Among H. pylori infected subjects (H. pylori seropositive subjects and seronegative subjects with gastric atrophy), the adjusted OR of severe gastric atrophy was further reduced; 0.62 (95% CI 0.42–0.90, P = 0.012) for G/A+A/A. The distribution of the genotype in patients with gastric cancer was not significantly different from that for H. pylori infected subjects without gastric atrophy.
[Conclusion]: Our study results revealed that those with the A/A genotype of PTPN11 rs2301756 polymorphism are at lower risk of severe gastric atrophy, but are not associated with a decreased risk of gastric cancer, which partially supported our previous finding that the polymorphism in the PTPN11 gene encoding SHP-2 was associated with the gastric atrophy risk in H. pylori infected Japanese. The biological roles of this PTPN11 polymorphism require further investigation.
journal title
BMC Gastroenterology
volume
Volume 9
start page
51
date of issued
2009-07-09
publisher
BioMed Central Ltd
issn
1471-230X
publisher doi
pubmed id
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
© Hishida et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009 . This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences