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ID 19883
file
title alternative
Effects of leadership by managing supervisors and union leaders within corporate structures
creator
Koguchi, Hiroshi
Kurokawa, Masaru
subject
複数リーダー
集団間リーダーシップ
状況の複雑性
several leaders
intergroup leadership
situational complexity
NDC
Psychology
Society
abstract
本研究では,企業組紋において調査を実施し,職場集団内の2名のリーダーによるリーダーシップ機能の分担を吟味するとともに,リーダーが複数存在することと,所属従業員のモラール,帰属意識,およびストレスとの関連を検討した。日常業務に関わる複雑さの認知,集団サイズ,また支社の部署数を状況の複雑性として取り上げた。各集団の2人のリーダーのうち, 1人は職制上の管理者(係長,もしくは班長) ,もう1人は各部署に一名配置されている組合委員とした。有効回答者数8,758名のうち,管理職,組合委員,および出向者を除外した788部署の5,670名(男性4,793名,女性805名,不明72名)を分析対象とした。分担の形態を吟味した結果,管理監督者のみが統合型であるよりも管理監督者と組合委員の2人がともに統合型である部署が多く存在することが確認できた。効果性について, 2名がともに統合型である部署が,管理監督者のみが統合型である単独統合型と同等以上の成果を得ていることが示唆された。加えて,状況の複雑性が高い場合に,複数リーダーの有効性が示された。
abstract
In this study a survey was implemented with incorporate structures, and the distribution of leadership functions in two kinds of the leader within workplace groups was examined. This study considered simultaneously the leadership of the two leaders, and the morale, sense of belonging and stress in the employees under them. We addressed awareness of the complexities involved in everyday work, group size, and departments of branch offices as situational complexities. Of the two leaders in each group, one was an office organizational manager (a senior staff of group leader), and one was a union executive placed in each of the work units. Of the 8,758 valid respondents, those in managerial positions, union members and transferees were eliminated and 5,670 responses (4,793 men, 805 women,72 unknowns) in 788 units were subjected to analysis. As a result of studying forms of leadership allocation, it was ascertained that more cases exist in which both the managing supervisor and union member are incorporated, as opposed to cases in which only the managing supervisor was incorporated. In addition, the results suggested that in those units in which both were incorporated better results were obtained as compared with those in which the managing supervisor was incorporated exclusively. Furthermore, the results indicated that insituations of high complexity, it is effective to have several leaders.
journal title
The Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
volume
Volume 44
issue
Issue 2
start page
83
end page
97
date of issued
2005
publisher
日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
issn
0387-7973
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2005 日本グループ・ダイナミックス学会
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences