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ID 31354
file
creator
Joshi, Niraj Prakash
NDC
Society
abstract
This paper analyses the livelihood strategies adopted by the Chepangs, a highly marginalized indigenous nationalities of Nepal. Household survey was conducted in Shaktikhor Village Development Committee (VDC) in Chitwan district and Handikhola VDC in Makawanpur district among 120 randomly selected households. Additional information was collected through participatory techniques. Six major livelihood sources were identified viz., farming, wage laboring, forest, handicrafts, skilled non-farm jobs, and remittance. Farming forms the mainstay of livelihood for majority of the households. Skilled non-farm jobs and remittances are comparatively more remunerative livelihood sources, however it forms primary livelihood source for only a few households due to lack of education, assets possession, investment capital and skills. Diversification is adopted as the livelihood strategy by entire households. Combination of farming, wage laboring, and forest is the most dominant strategy although it derives lower income. This implies that the households are constrained from adopting the more remunerative livelihood options. Policies and development efforts should be aimed at improving farming, access to forest resources, and promoting non-farm opportunities for sustainable livelihoods of the Chepangs.
journal title
Journal of International Development and Cooperation
volume
Volume 17
issue
Issue 2
start page
99
end page
113
date of issued
2011-03-31
publisher
広島大学大学院国際協力研究科
issn
1341-0903
ncid
SelfDOI
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation
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