このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 15278
file
title alternative
Internationalization of Jerusalem as a basis for peace in the Middle East re-appreciating the 1947 United Nations general assembly resolution 181(II)
creator
Oishi, Yuji
NDC
Peace Science
abstract
The dawn of the twenty-first century was met with feeling of apprehension and disillusionment among those hoping for lasting peace in the Middle East. With armed clashes between Israelis and Palestinians intensifying since 2001, escalating into what the mass media described as a state of “mini-war," the future can no longer be regarded with optimism. In a last-ditch effort as a peace broker before his eight-year term expired, United States President Bill Clinton welcomed Prime Minister Ehud Barak of Israel and Ra'ees (President ) Yasser Arafat of the Palestinian Authority (PA) on July 11, 2000 to Camp David, the presidential mountain retreat in Mainland, where the first Israeli-Arab rapprochement had been achieved 22 years before. This time, however, no historical milestone could be reached. The parties to the triumvirate summit conference discussed the “permanent status" of Jerusalem and other important issues in a charged atmosphere of high anticipation, but the conference ended inconclusively. Clinton admitted that peace talks were in a stalemate “at this time." However, he was unable to sponsor new summit talks during the reminder of his term, and the target date of September 13, 2000 for finalizing a permanent status agreement on the West Bank (including Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip between the Israeli government and the autonomous Palestinian Authority passed without a deal being struck. Arafat repeatedly insisted prior to this date that he would declare the establishment of a Palestinian state on September 13 whether the Camp David meeting succeeded or not. But he refrained from making a proclamation of independence on that date, allegedly due to strong pressure from Clinton. Many Palestinians voiced disappointment and frustration, which soon erupted into violence. The issue of Jerusalem, as many had predicted, proved to be an insurmountable obstacle in the Barak-Arafat negotiations. It may now take many years before Israel and Palestine can restore mutual credibility. Restarting negotiati
journal title
Hiroshima Peace Science
volume
Volume 24
start page
135
end page
175
date of issued
2002
publisher
広島大学平和科学研究センター
issn
0386-3565
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Institute for Peace Science
他の一覧