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ID 46401
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title alternative
The Architecture and Cultural Hegemony in the First Industrial Nation <Article>
creator
Tohda, Masahiro
NDC
General history of Europe
abstract
Victorians created a new industrial world-the First Industrial Nation. But, at the same time, they were facinated with antiquarianism. The First Industrial Nation saw many buildings built with the architectural styles of the past, such as Greek and Gothic.
So, it is very important to clarify the meaning and function of the past in the modern industrial world. According to M. J. Wiener, the middle class acceptance of the Gothic style marked the beginning of a yielding by its new men to the cultural hegemony of the old aristocracy. On the other hand, C. Dellheim asserts that middle class businessmen appropriated Gothic style to create pedigree for their values and legitimize their quest for hegemoney. That is to say, he says that they engineered a cultural coup.
I can't agree with these interpretations. Examing the main sources, the articles in Westminster Review, Edinburgh Review, Quarterly Review and Blackwood's Magazine, I found that Victorians, recognizing the prestige of the past and the weakness of the cultural power to translate the industrial power into a distinct cultural expression, managed to reconcil "the new"-the modern industrial world and "the old"-the pre industrial, hierachical world. Within this framework of the reconciliation of "the new" with "the old", Victorians, using the architectural styles of the past, tryed to create the architecture which can satisfy "the modern needs".
journal title
The Review of the Study of History : Shigaku Kenkyu
issue
Issue 181
start page
1
end page
19
date of issued
1988-09-30
publisher
広島史学研究会
issn
0386-9342
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Letters
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