心理的風土が看護職のワークストレスに及ぼす影響 : 対処方略採用への影響を考慮したモデルの検討
sangyoshinri_19_2_13.pdf 4.9 MB
This study examined a model of the stress process in which psychological chmate dimensions affct stress responses both directly and -via the mediadng effects of occupational stress ors and the adoption of coplng strategies - indirectly. Female nurses(N=198)completed an anonymous questionnaire that measured psychological climate, occupational stressors, coping strategies, and stress responses. Four dimensions of psychological climate were obtained by factor analysis: Performance pressure, supportive climate, hostile collectivism, and the peace-at-any-price principle. Path analysis revealed the followlng concerning such dimensions: Performance pressure increased stress responses by raising the workload, while also decreasing them by inhibiting the adoption of emotion-focused coping. Supportive climate faciliated the adoption of problem-focused coping (including social support seeking), which had an indirect effect that decreased stress responses. Hostile collectivism and the peace-at-any-price principle directly increased stress responses and occupational stressors. The findings suggest that each psychological climate dimension has s different influence on stress responses.
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Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences