ID 20974
file
title alternative
西南日本,広島県と島根県下に分布する花崗岩中に見られる粘土細脈と粘土鉱物
creator
Kitagawa, Ryuji
NDC
Earth sciences. Geology
abstract
This paper deals with the clay minerals found in the granitic rocks distributed in Hiroshima and Shimane Prefectures with special reference to the effects of hydrothermal activities on the decomposition process of the granitic rocks. Many clay veins and hydrothermal clay deposits are commonly developed in the granitic rocks and their mode of occurrences were investigated in detail. the preferred orientations of the clay veins and microcracks found in the constituent minerals of granitic rocks were examined. The constituent clay minerals and their mineralogical characteristics of clay veins, clay deposits and alteration products of plagioclase in granitic rocks were investigated by means of X-ray diffraction, optical microscope, electron microscope(TEM and SEM), hydrogen isotope ratio and so on. The major results obtained are as follows. 1)The preferred orientations of microcracks within granitic rocks are very similar to those of clay veins which have been formed under the regional compression stress field. 2)Theconstituent clay mnerals of clay veins, clay deposits and alteration peoducts from plagioclase and theie mineralogical characteristics are almost identical with each other. 3)Mineral sequence found in the vertical direction of a clay vein and altered granitic rocks resemble to that ovserved in some present geothermal areas. 4)Mineralogical characteristics of the clay minerals indicate that the clay minerals were formed by hydrothermal solution subsequent to the post granitic activity. The temperature of hydrothermal solution ranges about 50゜-300゜ C and originated from meteoric water. Some clay minerals seem tobe directly precipitated from the hydrothemal solution. Based on the results mentioned above, it is considered that granitic rocks distributed in the investigated areas have been strongly fractured and characterized by remarkable alteration to clay minerals at hydrothermal stage before the weathering stage.
description
Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series C, Vol.9, No.1 (1986) pp. 47-80
volume
Volume 9
issue
Issue 1
start page
47
end page
80
issn
0075-4374
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Thesis or Dissertation
HU type
Doctoral Theses
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
rights
Copyright(c) by Author
grantid
乙第1408号
degreeGrantor
広島大学(Hiroshima University)
degreename Ja
博士(理学)
degreename En
Physical Science
degreelevel
doctoral
date of granted
1986-02-24
department
Graduate School of Science