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ID 24805
file
title alternative
The Theoretical Background of Communication Strategy Research
creator
NDC
Education
abstract
The aims of this article are to summarize the historical development of discussions on 'communicative competence' of language learners, focusing on 'strategic competence,' and also to explain different approaches to the study of communication strategies.

A lot of different ideas have been presented on the concept of communicative competence so far. However, it is agreed today that communicative competence of language learners consists of several major sub-components, one of which is strategic competence. The first part of this article chronologically summarizes eight influential ideas in the field, with the focus on strategic competence: Chomsky (1965), Hymes (1967), Canale and Swain (1980), Canale (1983), Savignon (1983), Bachman (1990), Bachman and Palmer (1996), and Celce-Murcia, M., Zoltdn Dörnyei, and Sarah Thurrell (1995).

In the second half of this paper, it is shown how foreign language researchers and practitioners are paying more attention to nurturing learners' strategic competence, as communicative language teaching is widely accepted in classrooms. There are two major approaches within communication strategy studies: the interaction-focused approach and the psycholinguistic (process-focused) approach. In this paper, Iwai (2000)'s future research direction in the field of communication strategies is revisited.

Lastly, a brief summary is presented concerning how to collect data for communication strategy studies.
journal title
Hiroshima Studies in Language and Language Education
issue
Issue 10
start page
17
end page
33
date of issued
2007-03-31
publisher
広島大学外国語教育研究センター
issn
1347-0892
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Institute for Foreign Language Research and Education
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