HU-MuseumARS-BES_13_1.pdf 1.5 MB
Features and considerations of Bouei-shoku vessels (canning substitutes) excavated from the Kasumi Area remains
Bouei-shoku vessels made of earthenware as substitutes for canning and vacuum sealing food were produced from around 1943 until the end of the Second World War in 1945. Although production and distribution spanned only a few years, their remains symbolise the technology and history of Japanese culture and ceramics at the end of the Second World War. Nine types of Bouei-shoku vessels were excavated from the Kasumi Area remains. The same materials were confirmed in the remains from various parts of Japan. I collected and classified materials from 28 sites, including the Kasumi Area. The results of the analysis revealed the following: Bouei-shoku vessels were found in areas ranging from Aomori to Kagoshima, confirming 12 different control numbers. These control numbers imprinted on the bottom of each relic indicated the four production regions, Tajimi, Hishino, Arita and Shiota. Additionally, while the form of the product was made to the same standard, the character notation and colour exhibited different attributes depending on the place of production. Control number 1 was found to be produced in Hishino, Seto City; numbers 3 and 5 in Tajimi, Gifu; number 15 in Arita-cho, Saga; and number 18 in Shiota cho, Saga. Of all sites, the Kasumi Area has the most variety and quantity of Bouei-shoku vessels. Many food items in the vessel are believed to have been transported because·the Kasumi Area was a military facility located between Aichi/Gifu and Arita/Shiota, which was the centre of production.
Hiroshima University Museum Archaeological Research Section Bulletin for Excavation and Study
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Departmental Bulletin Paper
Departmental Bulletin Papers
Hiroshima University Museum