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ID 47362
file
title alternative
Study of Peace Education to Pass On the War Experience to the Fourth Generation (the Next Generation)
creator
Murakami, Toshifumi
abstract
More than 70 years have passed since the World War II, and Japan is continuously making efforts to ensure that the memory of the war is passed on to subsequent generations. These efforts have assumed great importance in Japanese society. Traditional peace education has inherited war memories directly from war experiencers, but it became difficult. Therefore, we need to develop new learning methods.
With respect to the categorization of generations in terms of war experience, each generation is classified according to the year of birth. I define the generation born before the war as the first generation of World War II. The term "peace education second generation" is targeted at the second generation after World War II. "Peace education fourth generation" is targeted at the fourth generation, whose grandparents were born after the war. He or she was or will be born between 2006 and 2035. Currently it is shifting to "the next generation type of peace education" targeting the fourth generation.
Several steps are necessary to become conscious of the parties to the succession of the war experience. "Formation process model of parties to succession of war experiences" has the following seven steps. (1) creation of its emotional foundation, (2) reduction of psychological distance, (3) sharing of feelings, (4) solidarity of empathy, (5) understanding its significance, (6) becoming parties to succession, (7) becoming leaders of succession.
With the progress of information technology, numerous war testimonial videos have been uploaded on the World Wide Web. If a person can empathize and feel an emotional connection with peopleʼs war experiences, he will become a successor. He will be able to play a role as a leader who can and will, through his own initiative, pass on the knowledge gained from the war experiencer or from the testimonial videos to successive generations.
description
本研究は、JSPS科研費17K04684(平成29年度~31年度、基盤研究(C)「戦争体験継承に対する当事者意識を次世代に育てる教育の比較社会学的研究」)の助成を受けたものです。
journal title
Hiroshima Peace Science
volume
Volume 40
start page
33
end page
50
date of issued
2019-03
publisher
広島大学平和センター
issn
0386-3565
2434-9135
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
applicarion/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2019 広島大学平和センター
department
The Center for Peace
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