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ID 38047
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title alternative
A Study on Peace Education in Germany : By the Surveys at German Gymnasiums
creator
Murakami, Toshifumi
NDC
Education
abstract
The aim of this paper is to clarify how peace education is performed at schools in Germany, and what is the peace consciousness of German students in gymnasiums. The viewpoint of this analysis is what war memory, by whom and how does it pass to the students. How does the memory influence students’ attitude toward war and peace.  

Germany and Japan are the same defeated nations in the Second World War. Now the both nations are internationally regarded as highly peaceful ones. But the rates of the experience to have heard about the last war from their family members (parents or grandparents) are different among the student of both countries.  

The knowledge acquired by this research through interviews and questionnaire is as follows: (1) German students have high motivation toward peace building. However, their anti-war peace consciousness is not so high as Japanese students. (2) Education for reflections on the Nazis era is carried out in German history and Holocaust education at schools. (3) The ruins of the Nazis’ time are preserved and many explanation panels on that time are installed on streets, which are used in extracurricular studies. (4) 20 years after the reunification of Germany have passed now, the influences of the former east and west blocks have hardly remained in peace consciousness of the students.  

The students study the history of German aggression like Holocaust and Nazis’ invasion, but it can become a pride for them not as a shame to Germany. For the students, such education is regarded as a useful risk management to become democratic German citizens not to form the people of a totalitarians country like the former Nazis days.
description
本研究は、平成23年度~25年度科学研究費補助金、基盤研究(C)「平和構築の教育における学校と地域社会の協働についての比較社会学的研究」(課題番号:23531119)の研究成果の一部です。
journal title
Hiroshima Peace Science
volume
Volume 35
start page
43
end page
65
date of issued
2013
publisher
広島大学平和科学研究センター
issn
0386-3565
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
applicarion/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2013 広島大学平和科学研究センター
department
Institute for Peace Science
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