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ID 15153
file
title alternative
Ecological considerations on the development, conservation of environment and the assistance to developing countries for peace
creator
Takahashi, Fumiki
NDC
Peace Science
abstract
The effects of agricultural development on the environment, as a means of assisting developing countries in tropical regions. are considered as an ecological aspect of human activity. Good results, with high short-term productivity, were obtained from the development by modern agricultural technology, for example. by increased crop-yields from the use of new varieties and chemicals and by farm cultivation through deforestation. However, in the long term harmful effects accumulated for agricultural land, with the loss of stability of production, and with the onset of 'desertification', due to poor understanding of the ecosystem. The ecological activities of organisms are reviewed from the viewpoint of two aspects: disoperation (an 'opposing' term), such as competition and exploitation, and cooperation (a 'harmonizing' term), such as mutualism and aggregation, which are characteristic to each species of organism in the pioneer phase and in the climax phase of the ecological succession, respectively. The human population, as one species of the biological community in the ecosystem, possesses the two aspects within a population and even in an individual. The pioneer character of the human population promotes the development of civilization in human society, but this character often accompanies the disoperative character, as so-called r-strategic organisms. On the other hand, its climax (so-called K-strategic) character tends to conserve nature against the development of environment. The human being has a special character of elasticity, which is an ability to integrate the two terms in harmony, thus creating culture. The assistance of developing countries by those more developed, would promote peace, when they keep cooperation with each other both at the national level and at the personal level.
journal title
Hiroshima Peace Science
volume
Volume 8
start page
1
end page
27
date of issued
1985
publisher
広島大学平和科学研究センター
issn
0386-3565
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Institute for Peace Science
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