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ID 42971
file
title alternative
Full Economic Costing in the United Kingdom’s Higher Education: Its Explicit Objectives and Implicit Outcomes
creator
Mizuta, Kensuke
Shirakawa, Nobuyuki
NDC
Education
abstract
The concept of “Full Economic Cost (fEC)” for research activities of the United Kingdom higher education institutions (HEIs) was created in the late 1990s; afterwards, in 2005 it was implemented. The whole costing system has been called the Transparent Approach to Costing (TRAC), and it has also been applied to education activities since 2008. All HEIs in the United Kingdom have to submit the annual TRAC returns to their funding agencies.
The fEC is not only attributed to research costs based on the expenses measured by their financial accounting, but also includes the costs associated with their physical assets consumed in real terms and the necessary surplus for their future development. Its explicit objective was to secure a sustainable amount of public research money for their projects; however, there was the other implicit objective of concentrating the money on the limited number of research intensive institutions. Therefore, education-centered institutions have recognized this costing practice has been just an addition of paperwork from which they had not benefited. Although the funding agencies and their branched expert groups devoted much effort to promote several kinds of effective uses of the data produced by the TRAC in institutional management control, it has not been successful.
According to analysis based on the HESA Finance Plus data, both explicit and implicit objectives above have been successfully achieved. Regarding the explicit objective to secure a sustainable amount of public research money, the analysis found that it had been increasing by more than the price index hike after TRAC was adopted. On the other hand, Gini-coefficient of pubic research income distributed to the UK HEIs had been increasing during the same period; which means the disparity between research intensive institutions and others had been widening. It fits the implicit objective.
It can be concluded that this kind of costing practice is effective to make persuasive evidences in order to secure public research money; however, it is difficult to effectively use the cost data for institutional management control. It could be an important implication for Japan if similar costing practice were introduced.
description
本論は,科学研究費助成事業・基盤研究(B)「大学経営の基盤となる財務情報の戦略的活用に関する研究」(2013-15年度・課題番号25285236)の成果の一部である。
journal title
Daigaku ronshu: Research in higher education
issue
Issue 49
start page
177
end page
192
date of issued
2017-03
publisher
広島大学高等教育研究開発センター
issn
0302-0142
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2017 by Author
department
Research Institute for Higher Education
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