Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Nosocomial Infections in the Surgical ward and Operating Room
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In this study 214 strains of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from clinical specimens on the surgical ward from 1983 to 1988 and in addition, 62 airborne strains were collected in the operating room.
Highly methicillin-resistent strains of S.aureus (H-MRSA, MIC > 100 μg/ml) not detected in 1983 showed a significant increase in frequency by 1987 accounting for about 60% of MRSA (MIC≧12.5 μg/ml). Countermeasures instituted in 1987 such as the use of disinfectant chlorhexidine alcohol significantly decreased the frequency of MRSA and H-MRSA isolates in 1988. In our study of coagulase type, MRSA type IV strains were predominent until 1984, whereas after 1986 type II was prevalent.
All airborne strains collected in the operating room were methicillin-sensitive S.aureus, with type VII currently epidemic. We therefore concluded that cross infection with MRSA took place on the surgical ward rather than in the operating room.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
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Hiroshima University Medical Press
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Departmental Bulletin Papers
Graduate School of Biomedical Science
University Medical Hospital