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ID 38128
file
creator
Takesue, Yoshio
Yokoyama, Takashi
Kodama, Takashi
Fujimoto, Mikio
Okita, Mitsuaki
Sewake, Hitoshi
Imamura, Yuuji
Tsumura, Hiroaki
subject
Nosocomial infection
Staphylococcus aureus
Operating room
Surgical patients
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
In this study 214 strains of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from clinical specimens on the surgical ward from 1983 to 1988 and in addition, 62 airborne strains were collected in the operating room.

Highly methicillin-resistent strains of S.aureus (H-MRSA, MIC > 100 μg/ml) not detected in 1983 showed a significant increase in frequency by 1987 accounting for about 60% of MRSA (MIC≧12.5 μg/ml). Countermeasures instituted in 1987 such as the use of disinfectant chlorhexidine alcohol significantly decreased the frequency of MRSA and H-MRSA isolates in 1988. In our study of coagulase type, MRSA type IV strains were predominent until 1984, whereas after 1986 type II was prevalent.

All airborne strains collected in the operating room were methicillin-sensitive S.aureus, with type VII currently epidemic. We therefore concluded that cross infection with MRSA took place on the surgical ward rather than in the operating room.
journal title
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
volume
Volume 38
issue
Issue 4
start page
183
end page
186
date of issued
1989-12
publisher
Hiroshima University Medical Press
issn
0018-2052
ncid
pubmed id
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science
University Medical Hospital
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