Decrease in size of azoxymethane induced colon carcinoma in F344 rats by 180-day fermented miso
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colon cancer prevention
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of fermented miso (fermented soybean paste) on the induction of colon tumors by azoxymethane (AOM) in male F344 rats. A total of 91 rats, 6 weeks of age, were divided into 5 groups and given weekly subcutaneous injections of AOM (15 mg/kg body wt) for 3 weeks. The animals were placed on diets one week before the first AOM dose: commercial normal control MF diet or a diet containing 10% 2-year, 180-day fermented, or 3-4-day fermented miso. There were no differences in body and organ weights, and no aberrant crypt foci (ACF) among carcinogen-treated groups at week 25. The rates of tumor incidence were 45%, 85%, 75% and 60% with the 2-year, 180-day, and 3-4-day fermented miso and MF, respectively, and those for colon tumors were 34%, 55%, 60% and 55%, respectively. The size of well-differentiated adenocarcinomas and total (well differentiated and signet ring cell) adenocarcinomas in the 180-day fermented miso group was significantly smaller than that in the 2-year fermented miso and MF+AOM groups. Nuclear staining of beta-catenin in colon tumors was increased for the 3-4-day fermented miso compared to the 180-day fermented miso. Cdx2 staining tendency was decreased in colon tumors and adenocarcinomas compared to normal mucosa and ACF, which stained in 100% of cases. In addition, the PCNA index was significantly reduced in the 180-day group compared with those groups receiving the 3-4-day fermented miso and MF diet. The germinal region was also decreased. The present results indicate that dietary supplementation with 180-day fermented dietary miso could act as a chemopreventive agent for colon carcinogenesis.
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