喫煙妊婦の禁煙への行動変容過程に影響する因子の質的検討 : 禁煙達成群と非達成群の言動の比較から <原著論文>
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Factors that affect the smoking cessation behavior of pregnant women smokers : Comparison between the behaviors of a quit smoking group and a non-quitting group
smoking pregnant women
continuation smoking cessation
The aim of this study was to find the factors that affect quit smoking behavior continuation. The participants were 52 pregnant women smokers who were in the first trimester (under 22 weeks). They all possessed mobile telephones and were willing to participate in the designed e-learning program. They were classified into two groups; a group that had been unsuccessful in quit smoking (Group N) and a group that had been successful (Group Q). The ten-minute interviews were conducted during their medical check-ups. The behavioral changes associated with giving up smoking in these two groups were compared, and content analysis was performed.
The results showed that most of the participants in both groups had a strong will to quit smoking when they first gave up. This showed their high motivation to quit smoking. After one month, participants in Group Q stated, "A desire to give up smoking or cut down was triggered by the pregnancy", "My husband helps me to avoid smoking". Then after three months, some stated, "I think I can quit smoking permanently."
On the other hand, the number of codes about the will to quit smoking in Group N gradually decreased while they tried this e-learning program. Furthermore, the codes remarkably decreased after three months, suggesting that the motivation of the participants in Group N to quit smoking had decreased.
In conclusion, this study revealed that Group N showed more factors that inhibited smoking cessation than Group Q.
Journal of health sciences, Hiroshima University
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Departmental Bulletin Paper
Departmental Bulletin Papers
Copyright (c) 2011 広島大学保健学出版会
Graduate School of Health Science