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ID 16434
file
title alternative
A study of the upper limb motion of patients with spinal cord injury while eating using two types of self-helping device
creator
Matsubara, Asako
Murakami, Tsuneji
Aoyama, Shinichi
subject
食事動作
頸髄損傷
動作分析
self-feeding
spinal cord injury
motion analysis
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
頸髄損傷者の食事動作に関して,スプーンの使用方法を替えることにより,上肢各関節(肩・肘・前腕・手関節)の角度と運動の範囲がどのように変化するかを明らかにするために,三次元動作解析を行った.対象はC6レベルの頸髄損傷者5人で,「ヨーグルトを食べる」という課題を2種類の自助具(自助具1:母指側使用,自助具2:手掌側使用)を用い実施した.撮影された画像から時間と上肢各関節角度を求め,自助具1,自助具2使用時で比較検討した.結果,自助具1使用時には自助具2使用時と比べ,1回の食事動作におけるすくう動作が占める割合が多い傾向にあった.また,食物をすくう際に肩関節屈曲,肩関節外転の運動が多く必要とされ,一連の動作を通じて前腕が回内方向に移行し,肩関節が屈曲・外転方向に移行することが明らかとなった.以上より,前腕の回外運動が十分可能である場合には手掌側使用の自助具の導入が望ましく,また母指側使用で食事を行う場合には,食物を口へ運ぶ動作だけでなく,すくう動作においても肩関節の運動が必要になることを十分に考慮した上で,自助具の提供やセッティングを行うことが重要であることが示唆された.
abstract
The purpose of the present experiment was to examine how the upper limb movements (shoulder, elbow, forearm, wrist) of patients with spinal cord injury (C6 level) were affected while using two types (type 1: pronation type, type 2: supination type) of self-helping device. Five subjects were required to eat 5 spoonfuls of yoghurt. We recorded the position of 11 light reflecting markers attached to the subjects' body with three cameras. We divided the eating action into three phases, the scoop phase, reach-to-mouth phase, and reach-to-plate phase. These kinematic landmarks were used to define the dependent variables. We calculated five joint angles (shoulder flexion, shoulder abduction, elbow flexion, forearm supination, wrist extension) with a three-dimensional video-based motion analysis system (APAS System, Ariel Dynamics), and analyzed how they changed at each phase. We compared them while using type 1 and type 2. While using type 1, the scoop phase played a larger part than other phases, and shoulder flexion, shoulder abduction and elbow flexion angles increased, not only in the reach-to-mouth phase but also in the scoop phase, and the supination angle decreased. This result suggests that patients who can supinate their forearm had better use type 2, and also that it is important to consider upper limb movements in the scoop phase when we provide patients with a self-helping device. In this study, however, we focused only on upper limb movements. We also have to analyze head, neck and trunk movements and examine the relationship among upper limb, head, neck and trunk.
journal title
Journal of health sciences, Hiroshima University
volume
Volume 3
issue
Issue 2
start page
27
end page
34
date of issued
2004-03-31
publisher
広島大学保健学出版会
issn
1347-7323
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Health Science
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