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ID 37680
file
creator
Herrera, Lourdes Rosario
subject
International health
Maternal and infant mortality
Immunization
Birth and fertility rates
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
International data on health and socioeconomic factors were analyzed to understand the trends and the determinants of maternal and infant mortality in the late years. Multivariate analyses were carried out to summarize the structure of the data. Multiple regression analyses were also carried out with these two mortality rates as dependent variables. The range of independent variables included health resource availability, immunization, GNP, illiteracy rates, distribution in working area, the indicators of living standards such as percentage of telephone lines and television sets per capita and the percentages of working children, population with access to safe water and sanitation, people living in urban areas, among others.  

In the preliminary analysis the indicators of living standards appeared highly correlated to maternal and infant mortality. Working area (industrial or agricultural) showed also an important correlation. In factor analysis indirect variables (economic and living condition) were summarized into two factors. Two regression analyses were executed. In the first the variables were used directly, while factors obtained by the factor analysis were used in the second. The second analysis confirmed the previous analysis: fertility rate, immunization and urbanization appeared as determinants of maternal mortality. Birth rate, percentage of females working in agriculture and total illiteracy appeared as determinants of infant mortality. The factors extracted in the factor analysis made a significant contribution to the second regression analysis.  

We concluded: 1) The factors extracted by factor analyses from indirect variables had high explanatory ability on infant mortality rates, 2) The presence of immunization together with birth rate and fertility rate in the regression models pointed out the importance of investing in birth rate reduction and disease prevention methods.
journal title
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
volume
Volume 50
issue
Issue 1
start page
9
end page
16
date of issued
2001-03
publisher
Hiroshima University Medical Press
issn
0018-2052
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Health Science
Graduate School of Biomedical Science
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