Nonclassical correlations of photon number and field components in the vacuum state
PhysRevA_62_013806.pdf 88.7 KB
It is shown that the quantum jumps in the photon number nˆ from zero to one or more photons induced by backaction evasion quantum nondemolition measurements of a quadrature component xˆ of the vacuum light field state are strongly correlated with the quadrature component measurement results. This correlation corresponds to the operator expectation value <xˆ nˆ xˆ > which is equal to one-fourth for the vacuum even though the photon number eigenvalue is zero. Quantum nondemolition measurements of a quadrature component can thus provide experimental evidence of the nonclassical operator ordering dependence of the correlations between photon number and field components in the vacuum state.
Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
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Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter