Bisecting GlcNAc Is a General Suppressor of Terminal Modification of N-glycan
MCP_18_2044.pdf 2.64 MB
Mishra, Sushil K.
Glycoproteins are decorated with complex glycans for protein functions. However, regulation mechanisms of complex glycan biosynthesis are largely unclear. Here we found that bisecting GlcNAc, a branching sugar residue in N-glycan, suppresses the biosynthesis of various types of terminal epitopes in N-glycans, including fucose, sialic acid and human natural killer-1. Expression of these epitopes in N-glycan was elevated in mice lacking the biosynthetic enzyme of bisecting GlcNAc, GnT-III, and was conversely suppressed by GnT-III overexpression in cells. Many glycosyltransferases for N-glycan terminals were revealed to prefer a nonbisected N-glycan as a substrate to its bisected counterpart, whereas no up-regulation of their mRNAs was found. This indicates that the elevated expression of the terminal N-glycan epitopes in GnT-III-deficient mice is attributed to the substrate specificity of the biosynthetic enzymes. Molecular dynamics simulations further confirmed that nonbisected glycans were preferentially accepted by those glycosyltransferases. These findings unveil a new regulation mechanism of protein N-glycosylation.
This work was supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) to Y.K. [17K07356], Leading Initiative for Excellent Young Researchers (LEADER) project to Y.K. from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), by Takeda Science Foundation, and by Mochida Memorial Foundation for Medical and Pharmaceutical Research.
Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
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American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
This research was originally published in Molecular & Cellular Proteomics. Miyako Nakano, Sushil K. Mishra, Yuko Tokoro, Keiko Sato, Kazuki Nakajima, Yoshiki Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Taniguchi, Yasuhiko Kizuka. Bisecting GlcNAc Is a General Suppressor of Terminal Modification of N-glycan. Mol Cell Proteomics. 2019; Vol 18: pp2044-pp2057. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter