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ID 16159
file
title alternative
Problems in the evaluation of children's compositions in Japanese schools : Historical and theoretical considerations of criterion-referenced evaluation
creator
Kajii, Yoshiaki
subject
学習指導要領
「書くこと」の目標の変遷
到達度評価
評価項目の妥当性・信頼性
評価観
Japanese National Standards
transition of Japanese writing objectives
criterionreferenced evaluation
validity and reliability of criteria for evaluating writing
use of criteria for evaluation
NDC
Education
abstract
This paper discusses the changes of the objectives of the Japanese language education and Japanese writing in the Japanese National Standards after World War II and researches that examined the validity and reliability of the criteria for evaluating writing in the fields of Japanese language education and educational psychology. Results of the review show that objectives of the Japanese language education and Japanese writing have been changing. In the 1947-1968 Japanese National Standards, the objectives were activity-based, that is, developing children's speaking, listening, writing and reading skills. In 1977-1989, however, these objectives have changed to ability-based, focusing on the children's ability to express and understand. And in the New Japanese National Standards (1998), the objectives changed again to activity-based. Likewise, the system for evaluating children's compositions have also changed, that is, the criteria used for each grade level have been integrated, resulting in three sets of criteria; one each for low grade (Grades 1 and 2), middle grade (Grades 3 and 4), and high grade (Grades 5 and 6). Thus, teachers need to use the criteria more carefully, taking into consideration the actual grade level of the children. In terms of research, there is a need to clearly define the evaluation items and for the teachers to experience the use of these items in order to improve the validity and reliability of the evaluation of compositions.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Learning and curriculum development
issue
Issue 51
start page
35
end page
44
date of issued
2003-03-28
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
国立情報学研究所
issn
1346-5546
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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