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ID 48939
file
title alternative
Konjo (guts) and konki (persistence): That support endurance and are cultivated by it
creator
Kondo, Yoshiki
abstract
Konjo (guts) and konki (persistence) are mental powers corresponding to patience and perseverance. Patience strives against pain and hardship using konjo as a source of strength. Long-suffering perseverance continually pursues purpose using konki as the power for continuation. In Japanese, kon-jo (根性) and kon-ki (根気) are constructed by the kanji character kon (根), which means the root of a plant. In English, konjo may be translated as “guts,” which refers to the bowels of animals and symbolizes strength. Though guts are derived from livestock society, konjo and konki are derived from agricultural society in Japan. Konjo implies tenacious endurance of pain and hardship (or evil), e.g., an immature, weak person who has konjo can find the strength to fight against a mighty enemy. Because patience, i.e., the acceptance of pain, is always mental, unlike the physicality of arm strength, strong mental patience cannot be dominated even by enemies. Whoever has firm konjo with patient fortitude never says, “I give up.” Konki perseveres through long hardships until the purpose (or good) is achieved. Although individuals are often tempted to stagnate during their long perseverance, their konki will continue to persevere. Konki never throws away opportunities, is never panicked, and deals with marginal situations calmly.
journal title
HABITUS
volume
Volume 24
start page
1
end page
16
date of issued
2020-03-20
publisher
西日本応用倫理学研究会
issn
2186-7909
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Letters
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