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ID 46449
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title alternative
Examples of “physis” in Aristotle’s Organon
creator
Takahashi, Shogo
NDC
Western philosophy
abstract
In this article, I aim to collect examples of φύσις in Aristotle’s Organon and classify it, and examine what the meaning of this word has. Aristotle mainly uses the expression “by nature” (φύσει) or “naturally” (κατὰ φύσιν) in the Organon. Researching these expressions in many examples, the following have made clear.
1. “Per se” and “by nature” (or “naturally”) are used interchangeably.
2. Aristotle often uses “physis” which means “essential feature”.
3. Some example of “physis” in the Organon corresponds to the explanation in his Physics and Metaphysics.
4. In the Organon, “prior” and “simultaneous” are used from a view of cognition.
In Physics, “physis” means “form” in a sense, so we can interpret it as follows. That is, “physis” shows the essence, and the features derived from “physis” also are essential. Therefore, we might conclude that “by nature” and “per se” can be used interchangeably because he uses the expression “per se” when a proposition shows that an essential feature or nature (essence) belongs to a subject.
description
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター研究成果報告書(2017年度)
本稿は,文部科学省科学研究費補助金「アリストテレス倫理学の再定位を通した新たな自然主義的倫理学の構想」17H02257 の助成の成果の一部である.
journal title
The Annals of the Research Project Center for the Comparative Study of Logic
issue
Issue 15
start page
7
end page
18
date of issued
2018-03-25
publisher
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター
issn
1880-6376
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Letters
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