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ID 50187
file
title alternative
Development of Quality Education in Chinese Senior High Schools
creator
Onodera, Kaori
Ishii, Kanako
subject
China
Quality Education
Senior High School
College Entrance Examination
中国
素質教育
高級中学
大学入試
abstract
The senior high schools in China are considered to have an exam-oriented curriculum and a strong competitive environment, turning the life of students into a nightmare. This type of education has been criticized for a long time and instead, “quality education,” which is the opposite of knowledge-oriented and exam-oriented education, has been recommended since the 1990s. This study focuses on “quality education” as the key for educational reforms in China, and reviews and analyzes the policy trends, and the effect of quality education on high school education and college entrance exam reform. Our investigation resulted in the following findings. First, an analysis of the education policy revealed that “quality education,” a term which was relatively vague and was understood as the opposite of exam-oriented education, could be used as criteria for reform by clarifying each ability as “core background.” This clarification makes it possible to provide concrete guidelines for high school education. Second, it was found that, reflecting on “quality education,” high school education has newly established a subject called “comprehensive practical activity” that fosters students’ independent thoughts and creative activities. It also gave schools more discretionary power and teachers more freedom to teach in class. Lastly, regarding college entrance exams, it can be pointed out that, in addition to the conventional written exams, there is a shift toward evaluating not only the test scores but also other aspects such as student records. However, we also found that the movement has not reached all the schools because of its hasty implementation and a large number of examinees.
description
本研究はJSPS科研費 JP19H01639の助成を受けたものです。
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University. Studies in education
issue
Issue 1
start page
164
end page
173
date of issued
2020-12-25
publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科
issn
2436-0333
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2020 人間社会科学研究科
department
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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