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ID 24932
file
title alternative
Problems of "Culture and Society" in Dialect
creator
subject
方言文化圏
伝播流動と周圏・周布
辺境変移
方言社会の人為製作
藩領と方言界線
NDC
Japanese
abstract
A dialect is itself a systematic existence of language and makes a dialect society, spreading over a region of some extent. A dialect society is, at the same time, a dialectal culture sphere. A dialect society, i.e. a dialectal culture sphere, can be larger or smaller. Viewed from a higher stand point, dialect societies of lower degree are gathered into a larger dialect.

What characteristics are recognized in the smaller dialect society, i.e. the smaller culture sphere, a typical case of which is a small village? One is its closedness. A smaller dialect society is closed, conservative and lentegressive. The force of the tradition is seen there. On the other hand, a smaller dialect society has its own innovativeness. These two characteristics—closedness and innovativeness—are recognized also in larger dialect societies.

When we try a bird's-eye view of the dialectal conditions and dialect spheres in Japan, we can instantly recognize the linguistic flowingout from the cultural centre to its circumferences. Concerning this flowingout, we have already the so-called "Wave Theory". In this paper I have followed up the movements of "the waves" and developed a practical distribution theory.

In regard to the distribution, the border districts are liable to come into question. In the border districts, both conservativeness and innovativeness exist. The effect of the latter, i.e. the innovativeness in the border district may be summed up in a general theory called "the Border Shift Theory".

At times a dialect society can be artificiallyformed. In feudal clans in Japan, social dialects or dialectal culture spheres were often built up artificially.

Dialect societies will still survive for ever coinciding with the everlasting existence of regional societies. This must be also an interesting cultural phenomenon.
journal title
The Hiroshima University Studies Literature Department
volume
Volume 26
issue
Issue 3
start page
42
end page
63
date of issued
1966-12-20
publisher
広島大学文学部
issn
0437-5564
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Letters
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