Suzaku observation of two ultraluminous X-ray sources in NGC 1313
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Winter, Lisa M.
Dewangan, Gulab C.
Griffiths, Richard E.
Mushotzky, Ricard F.
accretion, accretion disks
black hole physics
X-rays: individual (NGC 1313 X-1, NGC 1313 X-2)
Astronomy. Space sciences
Two ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) in the nearby Sb galaxy NGC 1313, named X-1 and X-2, were observed with Suzaku on 2005 September 15. During the observation for a net exposure of 28 ks (but over a gross time span of 90 ks), both objects varied in intensity by about 50%. The 0.4–10 keV X-ray luminosities of X-1 and X-2 were measured as 2.5×1040 ergs-1 and 5.8×1039 ergs-1, respectively, with the former exhibiting the highest ever reported for this ULX. The spectrum of X-1 can be explained by the sum of a strong and variable powerlaw component with a high-energy cutoff, and a stable multicolor blackbody with an innermost disk temperature of ∼ 0.2keV. These results suggest that X-1 was in a “very high" state, where disk emission is strongly Comptonized. The absorber within NGC 1313 toward X-1 is suggested to have a subsolar oxygen abundance. The spectrum of X-2 is best represented, in its fainter phase, by a multicolor blackbody model with an innermost disk temperature of 1.2–1.3 keV, and becomes flatter as the source becomes brighter. Hence, X-2 is interpreted to be in a slim-disk state. These results suggest that the two ULXs have black hole masses of some dozens to a few hundred of solar masses.
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Graduate School of Science