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ID 50042
file
title alternative
Child Rearing and Early Childhood Education and Care of Indigenous Ainu in the Taisyo Period and Early Showa Era: Focusing on the Biratori Kindergarten and Sunday School founded by John and Yaeko Batchelor
creator
subject
Ainu
John Batchelor
Yaeko Batchelor
Biratori Kindergarten
Indigenous
abstract
In the Taisyo Period and Early Showa Era, Japanese indigenous Ainu school age students were under the assimilation policy of the government. They were also restricted from using the Ainu language and discriminated against by Japanese students at school. This study focused on traditional Ainu child rearing and the early childhood education and care at the Biratori Kindergarten and Sunday School founded by John and Yaeko Batchelor. We attempted to identify the contents and purpose of the establishment of these schools by using historical documents, the Batchelors’ writings, and interviews with those who attended the school. Our findings were as follows: 1) Ainu and Japanese children played together; 2) Ainu language and culture were not restricted but used for children’s education at Biratori Kindergarten and Sunday School. Thus, we concluded that John and Yaeko Batchelor hoped that Ainu and Japanese children would understand each other in their early years during a time period that was hard for the Ainu people.
description
本研究はJSPS 科研費JP17K18643の助成を受けたものです。
本稿は2019年12月7日,日本乳幼児教育学会第29回大会における発表に加筆したものです。
journal title
The Annual of research on early childhood
volume
Volume 42
start page
27
end page
35
date of issued
2020-10-10
publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科附属幼年教育研究施設
issn
0388-3078
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2020 幼年教育研究年報編集委員会
department
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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