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ID 16645
file
creator
Avila, M. A.
NDC
Physics
abstract
The present controversy over the origin of glasslike thermal conductivity observed in certain crystalline materials is addressed by studies on single-crystal x-ray diffraction, thermal conductivity κ (T), and specific heat Cp (T) of carrier-tuned Ba8 Ga16 X30 (X=Ge,Sn) clathrates. These crystals show radically different low-temperature κ (T) behaviors depending on whether their charge carriers are electrons or holes, displaying the usual crystalline peak in the former case and an anomalous glasslike plateau in the latter. In contrast, Cp (T) above 4 K and the general structural properties are essentially insensitive to carrier tuning. We analyze these combined results within the framework of tunneling scattering, resonant scattering, and Rayleigh scattering models, and conclude that the evolution from crystalline to glasslike κ (T) is accompanied by an increase both in the effective density of tunneling states and in the resonant scattering level, while neither one of these contributions can solely account for the observed changes in the full temperature range. This suggests that the most relevant factor that determines crystalline or glasslike behavior is the coupling strength between the guest vibrational modes and the frameworks with different charge carriers.
journal title
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
volume
Volume 74
issue
Issue 12
start page
125109
date of issued
2006-09
publisher
American Physical Society
issn
1098-0121
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2006 American Physical Society
relation url
department
Graduate School of Engineering
Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter