T1-weighted and T2-weighted MRI image synthesis with convolutional generative adversarial networks
RepPractOncolRadiother_26_35.pdf 1.71 MB
convolutional generative adversarial networks
Background: The objective of this study was to propose an optimal input image quality for a conditional generative adversarial network (GAN) in T1-weighted and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images.
Materials and methods: A total of 2,024 images scanned from 2017 to 2018 in 104 patients were used. The prediction framework of T1-weighted to T2-weighted MRI images and T2-weighted to T1-weighted MRI images were created with GAN. Two image sizes (512 × 512 and 256 × 256) and two grayscale level conversion method (simple and adaptive) were used for the input images. The images were converted from 16-bit to 8-bit by dividing with 256 levels in a simple conversion method. For the adaptive conversion method, the unused levels were eliminated in 16-bit images, which were converted to 8-bit images by dividing with the value obtained after dividing the maximum pixel value with 256.
Results: The relative mean absolute error (rMAE ) was 0.15 for T1-weighted to T2-weighted MRI images and 0.17 for T2-weighted to T1-weighted MRI images with an adaptive conversion method, which was the smallest. Moreover, the adaptive conversion method has a smallest mean square error (rMSE) and root mean square error (rRMSE), and the largest peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and mutual information (MI). The computation time depended on the image size.
Conclusions: Input resolution and image size affect the accuracy of prediction. The proposed model and approach of prediction framework can help improve the versatility and quality of multi-contrast MRI tests without the need for prolonged examinations.
Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
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Greater Poland Cancer Centre
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Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences