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ID 48492
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title alternative
Construction of Spatial Mental Representation in Japanese Learners’ Listening: An Experimental Analysis using Manipulation of Verbal and Visuo-spatial Working Memory Capacities
creator
Lin, Yun
Chang, Xiao
Xu, Jie
subject
apanese learners
listening
spatial mental representation
verbal working memory
visuo-spatial working memory
日本語学習者
聴解
空間的状況モデル
言語性ワーキングメモリ
視空間ワーキングメモリ
abstract
We investigated the effects of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory (WM) capacities on spatial mental representation in second language listening by manipulating the length of the materials. In the experiment, an advanced class of Chinese learners learning Japanese were separated into four groups according to their verbal and visuo-spatial WM capacities. The learners were required to react to a judgement task in which they must judge whether the picture shown on the computer matches the sentences they had listened to previously. Two or four sentences were used in each trial. The correct rate and reaction time were used as dependent variables. As a result, only the main effect of the length of the materials was observed, which suggests that for Japanese learners, constructing a spatial mental representation during listening becomes more difficult with the increased length of the sentences. The results of correct rate and reaction time did not show significant differences among learners with a large capacity for verbal and visuo-spatial WM or those with small capacity. A possible reason for this result is that the experimental materials were not very difficult for advanced learners; therefore, a certain amount of processing resources during task execution was distributed efficiently and appropriately between verbal and visuo-spatial WM.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 68
start page
233
end page
241
date of issued
2019-12-20
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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