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ID 32055
file
creator
Leong, Che Kan
subject
National Adult Reading Test (NART)
optimality of demisyllables
phonological structure of NART words
premorbid intelligence in dementia
word reading as paired-associate learning
NDC
Language
Psychology
abstract
Recently, McGurn et al. (2004) confirmed that the pronunciation of the low frequency and irregular words in the National Adult Reading Test (NART) is preserved in adult patients with dementia and NART provides a good estimate of premorbid intelligence of these patients. We attempted to answer these intriguing questions by examining the phonological structure of NART words, particularly the optimality of the demisyllables constituting these words. Following Clement (1990), we found the initial and final demisyllables of NART words are near optimal in sonority dispersion as compared with some regularly spelled counterparts. The near optimality of NART words may facilitate their retrieval and become part of "crystallized intelligence". We further invoked the concept of word reading as paired-associate learning to explain the unique visual-verbal contribution to irregular word reading. We speculated that the pronunciation of NART-like low frequency Japanese kanji words or Chinese characters with optimal speech forms may also be preserved in Japanese or Chinese dementia patients and may correlate with premorbid intelligence.
description
Edited by Kazuhito Yoshizaki and Hisao Ohnishi
journal title
Contemporary issues of brain, communication and education in psychology : the science of mind
start page
45
end page
56
date of issued
2008
publisher
Union Press
isbn
9784946428388
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Book
HU type
Book Chapters
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2008 Kazuhito Yoshizaki and others
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences