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ID 16362
file
title alternative
Preliminary Note on the Castle Towns in Belgium
creator
Tomatsuri, Yumio
subject
ベネルクス囲郭都市研究
囲郭集落
都市プラン
ベルギー
ブリュッへ
ルーヴェン
リエージュ
マリアンブール
フィリップヴィル
NDC
General geography. Description and travel
abstract
ベネルクス囲郭都市研究という目的に沿って,オランダを対象に囲郭都市・集落の分布と変容を予察した前稿に引き続いて,本稿ではベルギーを対象に,その囲郭集落ないし囲郭都市プランの成立と分布の特徴を概観した上で,ベルギー国内を3地域に区分して,各地域の代表的な囲郭集落(都市)としてブリュッへ,ルーヴェン,リエージュ ,マリアンブール,フィリップヴィルをとりあげ,各種の地図資料や現地踏査をもとにその特徴を明らかにした。
abstract
The author has studied some types of Japanese castle towns constructed in the early modern ages. A specific type attracted him very much. It is a castle with wall, moat and bastions such as Gory?kaku in the south end of Hokkaido. Its plan is thought to be brought from west Europe through Dutch military books. So, in his paper ""Preliminary note on the castle towns in the Netherlands"" he tried to examine the history of castle towns in the Netherlands and to clear up the features of four typical castle towns by showing various maps and photos. In this paper, he tried to examine the history of castle towns in Belgium, using research papers, various old maps, topographical maps, air-photographs. Then, the following five facts are pointed. (1) According to 'Carte Chorographique des Pay-bas Austrichiens' (1780) fortified towns were located more closely along the border with Zeeland Province of the Netherlands and with France than in other part of Belgium. (2) In the northwestern part of Belgium covered with swampy lowlands, after fortified towns were dismantled most of their moats have remained as useful canals, such as in Bruges (Brugge), Province of West Flanders. (3) In the central part of Belgium covered with gently undulated plain, town's moats were generally filled up to construct motorway rings after dismantlement of fortifications, such as in Louvain (Leuven), Province of Brabandt. (4) In the valley of M
journal title
Annual Report of Research Center for Regional Geography
issue
Issue 7
start page
87
end page
120
date of issued
1998-03
publisher
広島大学総合地誌研究資料センター
issn
0915-5449
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Hiroshima University Museum
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